Prostatitis is a common disease among the male half of humanity, which is characterized by inflammation of the prostate gland. Pathology can occur against the background of an infection of the prostate, and can also be a manifestation of age-related changes and a passive lifestyle, manifested against the background of degenerative disorders.
Prostatitis can be acute and chronic, the latter occurs in the absence of timely treatment of acute prostatitis. Calculous prostatitis is a complicated form of chronic prostatitis. Such a pathology causes pain, severely disrupts the urination process, and may even require surgical intervention.
Chronic calculous prostatitis
Calculous prostatitis is a chronic inflammatory disease of the prostate, in which the formation of stones (stones) occurs. The disease always occurs against the background of a long and sluggish chronic prostatitis and very often is its complication.
According to statistics, the disease is detected in about 8% of all men who come to a urologist or andrologist for a consultation. Calculus prostatitis occurs in patients older than 40 years. At this age, the disease is associated with STIs, after 50 years, the pathology manifests itself against the background of prostate adenoma, and after 70 years against the background of male menopause.
The calculous form of prostatitis is considered the most serious. It is poorly tolerated by patients, causes a lot of discomfort and is quite difficult to treat. And all because stones appear in the excretory ducts, consisting of lime salts, phosphates and other dense elements.
Causes of calculous prostatitis
Stones can be exogenous and endogenous. Exogenous stones are formed only if urethro-prostatic reflux is observed, when urine does not leave the body, but is thrown into the ducts of the prostate. The salts contained in the urine are deposited in the ducts of the prostate, compact and form stones.
And endogenous ones are formed against the background of congestion in the prostate, which is exactly observed in chronic prostatitis. Also the stones can be primary and secondary.
The primary ones are formed in the prostate and its ducts, while the secondary ones migrate from the kidneys or the bladder. The latter situation is possible in cases where a man suffers from urolithiasis.
The cause of calculous prostatitis is congestion in the prostate in the context of advanced chronic bacterial or nonbacterial prostatitis. The following factors can cause this condition:
- Passive lifestyle, lack of movement in general, sedentary work.
- lack of sexIn this case, the prostatic secret does not come out, but stagnates.
- Benign prostatic hyperplasia (prostatic adenoma).
- Chronic infections of the genitourinary system.
- Shameless lifestyle, alcohol abuse, promiscuity.
- Constant stress, chronic fatigue.
- Avitaminosis, poor nutrition.
- Constant hypothermia.
- Refusal to treat prostatitis for a long time.
In general, the causes of calculous prostatitis do not differ from the causes of chronic prostatitis.
Symptoms of calculous prostatitis
Signs of calculous prostatitis:
- Aching pains in the groin, radiating to the coccyx, to the scrotum.
- Pain when urinating, ejaculating, defecating.
- Urinary disorders, in particular urinary retention, slow stream, frequent urgency.
- Blood can be present in semen and urine.
- discharge from the urogenital canal.
- Erectile dysfunction in varying degrees, in particular, slow erection, complete absence of erection, premature ejaculation.
It should be noted that calculous prostatitis can be completely asymptomatic, not differing in manifestations from slow chronic prostatitis. But stones that form in the prostate for a long time lead to serious complications, including an abscess of the gland, its complete degradation and the development of vesiculitis.
Medical treatment of calculous prostatitis
Chronic calculous prostatitis, detected early, can be treated conservatively. In this case, the following groups of drugs are prescribed:
- Antibiotics for bacterial infection. Individually selected.
- Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs.
- Antispasmodics and analgesics for pain relief.
- Alpha blockers to restore fluid outflow.
- Vitamins to strengthen general immunity.
Conservative treatment involves visiting physiotherapy, for example, a magnet, electrophoresis, ultrasound. But prostate massage with calculous prostatitis is categorically contraindicated. The physical impact will cause trauma to the prostate with stones, increased swelling and pain.
During the treatment period, you must follow a diet. It is forbidden to consume alcohol, fatty, spicy, salty and junk food. It is necessary to adhere to the principles of proper nutrition, eat as many vegetables and fruits as possible to strengthen the immune system.
If conservative treatment is ineffective, or the stones are already very large, surgical treatment will be required. In the presence of an abscess, the prostate is opened, pus comes out along with the stones.
If the stones are mobile, they try to push them into the bladder, followed by dissolution by non-surgical lithotripsy. In severe cases, in the presence of large and fixed stones, as well as prostate adenoma, complete removal of the gland is performed. The radical method of treatment is used very rarely, in advanced cases.
Treatment of calculous prostatitis with folk methods.
It is better not to treat calculous prostatitis with folk remedies, because of which you can start the disease even more and lose the organ completely. Only in the complex therapy prescribed by the andrologist after the examination, folk remedies can be used. But before you start taking this or that drug, it is better to consult with your doctor about the compatibility of the drug with prescribed drugs.
From calculous prostatitis, folk remedies are recommended that have an anti-inflammatory, analgesic effect, and also break up stagnant processes. These funds include:
- A decoction of rosehip roots.
- A decoction of sage.
- Infusion of birch bark with lemon juice.
- A decoction of adonis, gout and tenacious straw, mixed in equal proportions.
- Infusion of roots and parsley.
- Juice treatment is also useful for strengthening the immune system and fighting the inflammatory process.
You should not use therapeutic enemas and rectal suppositories of your own preparation for prostatitis culculosa. An exception is situations where pharmacy drugs are prescribed by a doctor. The introduction of home suppositories can lead to irritation of the prostate and the appearance of its swelling.
Prevention of prostatitis
Currently, prostatitis is a very common disease. Every 2 men after 40-45 years suffers from one degree or another of the disease. Therefore, experts urge men to be responsible for their health and to prevent prostatitis from an early age.
The prevention of culular prostatitis is the timely and adequate treatment of acute inflammation of the prostate. It is also recommended to follow the following tips:
- Have sex regularly so that the prostate juice circulates and does not stagnate.
- Lead an active lifestyle, exercise, play sports.
- Dress for the weather, don't get too cold.
- Eat well, avoid vitamin deficiency.
- Avoid promiscuity, protect against STDs.
Thus, the main prevention is the maintenance of a healthy lifestyle, as well as the correct conduct of sexual life. If a man takes care of his health, he will surely be able to avoid chronic prostatitis.
Calculous prostatitis is a neglected form of chronic prostatitis, but it is very common. This suggests that most men refuse to treat prostatitis, which they subsequently suffer from.
The earlier treatment of prostatitis begins, the better for the patient. In most cases, stone formation can be avoided by seeing an andrologist in a timely manner.